Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 - Exam Pattern, Question Papers Check Here
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 - University of Allahabad has released the Allahabad University 2021 syllabus for UGAT and PGAT programmes on September 11. The candidates appearing for the entrance exams can check the syllabus of Allahabad University 2021 before starting with their preparation. They are advised to go through the exam pattern of the Allahabad University entrance test along with the Allahabad University syllabus 2021 to know the structure, format and other aspects of the examination.
Latest Updates for Allahabad University Entrance Exam
Stay up-to date with Allahabad University Entrance Exam News
The Allahabad University entrance exam syllabus 2021 will help students to get a glimpse of the type of questions that will be asked in the Allahabad University 2021 admission and will assist them in making a strategy for clearing the test. In this article, candidates can check the in depth details about the important topics and units covered for the UGAT and PGAT exam of Allahabad University.
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 - PGAT
The syllabus of Allahabad University 2021 will share the details of the various units and topics of the entrance exam which candidates can look into and prepare for qualifying the entrance test. The Allahabad University PGAT syllabus 2021 mentions the information about the complete syllabus of various postgraduate programmes which are available at Allahabad University.
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 for MA Education
Principles of Education
Meaning and scope of education; Aims of education; Approaches to education; Agencies of education; Curriculum; Educational Planning
Problems of Indian Education
Primary education, secondary education, higher education, adult education; National Policy on Education; Language Controversy
Educational Philosophy & Sociology
Nature, scope and need of philosophy of education;
Naturalism, Idealism, Pragmatism, Realism, Existentialism; Educational Sociology; Cultureand education; Social Satisfaction; Social Mobility’ Social Changes; Futurology
Nature, scope and methods and educational psychology; Growth
and development; Individual difference; Intelligence;’ Creativity; Personality; Learning;
transfer of learning; Motivation; Group dynamics
Measurement, evaluation and action research in Education, Measure of Central Tendencyand Standard Deviation
Indian and Western Education
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Madan Mohan Malviya, Tagore,
Vivekanand, Mahatma Gandhi, Radhakrishnan, Plato, Rousseau, Dewey, Russel.
Educational technology; Distance education; Value education;
Peace education; Human rights education; Population education
Allahabad University 2021 Syllabus - M.A Ancient History
Early Cultures and Civilizations of India
Definition of Archaeology and relation with other disciplines, Palaeolithic Cultures : Salient features,1
Geographical distribution, Belan Valley, Son Valley; Mesolithic Cultures: Salient features,
Geographical distribution - Vindhyas, Ganga Plains; Neolithic Cultures: Salient features,
Geographical distribution-South India, Vindhyas and Ganga Plains; Harappan Civilization :
Origin and extent, salient features, chronology and decline
Central India and Deccan: Kayatha Culture, Ahar Culture, Jorwe Culture
Copper-Hoards and Ochre Colour Pottery (OCP)
Iron Age : Antiquity of Iron ; PGW and NBPW Cultures; Sites: Atranjikhera, Hastinapur, Kausambi,Taxila, Arikamedu
History of India upto the Kushanas (C. 600 B.C.-C.319 A.D.)
Literary Indian and Foreign sources Epigraphic Numismatic Archaeological sources Early
The Mahajanapadas: Rise of Magadha from Bimbisara to Mahapadma Nanda, Persian Invasion,
Alexander’s Invasion, bases and features of monarchical states; Nature of Republics
Mauiyan Empire and its Decline, Magadhan Expansion in the time of Chandragupta Maurya -
administration, society and economy in the Mauryan Period; Asoka and his Dhamma; Decline
of the Mauryan Empire.
Political Fragmentation C. 200 BC - AD 300 Early History of Sungas and Satavahanas Achievements of
Pushyamitra Sunga and Gautamiputra Satkami Saka-Satavahana Struggle, Decline of Satavahana
Foreign Invasions and Dynasties: Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Pahlavas, and Kusanas : Kaniska -I : date and
Outline of Ancient World Civilizations
Earliest Civilizations-I Egyptian Civilization: Political development under the Pharaohs; Egyptian
Religion, Art and Intellectual Achievements
Mesopotamian Civilizations: Salient features Sumerian Civilization Babylonian Civilization
Mesopotamian Civilizations: Salient features Sumerian Civilization Babylonian Civilization
Assyrian Civilization Chaldean Civilization
Greek Civilization Homeric Age
Periclean Age : Contribution of Pericles
Salient features of Hellenic and Hellenistic Civilizations Roman Civilization
Julius Caesar and Augustus - Their contributions Roman Culture : Law, Art, Literature,
Religion and Science; Roman Legacy
Development of Christianity under Roman Empire.
Ancient Palestine, Iran and China:
Achaemenid Empire; Zarathustra and his reforms
Parthian Civilization, Sassanian Civilization
Chou and Chin Periods: Cultural Achievements Confucius & Lao-Tzu History of Ancient India (C 319
AD to 1200 AD) Gupta Dynasty
Gupta Rulers their achievements: Chandragupta-I, Samudragupta, Chandragupta-II, Kumargupta I, Skandagupta and the Huna invasion , Decline of the Guptas, Vakataka-Gupta Relation, Huna
invasion, Maukharis, Later Guptas
Harsha Career and achievements, relation with contemporary rulers, (Harsha’s relationship with
Pulakesin -II), visit of Hiuen Tsang
Gurjara-Pratihar, Pala, Rastrakuta; Political History of Gurjara Pratihar, Pala and Rastrakuta,
Tripartite struggle, Cultural Achievements
Pallava Dynasty; Political and Cultural Achievements of Pallavas Chalukya Dynasty; Political and
Cultural Achievements of Chalukyas of Vatapi, Vengi and' Kalyani Chola Dynasty Political
History, Administration, relations with contemporary powers, Cultural achievements.
Foundation of Indian Culture; Sources of Study; Definition and Characteristics; Harappan
Civilization; Vedic Culture;
Main Features of Ancient Indian Society; Varnasrama System; Ancient Indian Education System,
Taxila, Nalanda and Vikramashila; Position of Women; Guilds and their roles, Ancient Indian
Religions; Shaivism; Vaishnavism; Jainism; Buddhism;
Socio-Spiritual Streams; Sankaracharya; Bhakti Movement; Interaction between Islam and Indian
Society with special reference to impact on Indian society Social and Religious Movements in
Nineteenth Century India.
Concepts and Currents in History
Nature and characteristics of history, objectivity and subjectivity in history, causation in history,
History is science or art.
Introduction to approaches of history - Oriental, (Colonial), Nationalist, Marxist
Philosophy of history with special reference to Hegel, Ranke, Karl Marx, Spengler, Toyanbee
Nationalism : Germany, Italy, India, Imperialism and colonialism : World War-II and
Revolutions - Russian and Chinese.
Ancient Indian Art and Architecture
Beginnings of Indian Art; Characteristic Features of Ancient Indian Art; Prehistoric Art; Harappan
Art & Architecture
Mauryan, Sunga and Kusana Art; Asokan Pillars, Capital Figures, Folk Art; Stupa: Bharhut, Sanchi,
Amravati; Rock-cut Cave Architecture (Chaitya/Vihara)-Karle, Bhaja; Kusana Art: Evolution
of Buddha Images Mathura Style Gandhara Style;
Gupta Art: Essential features; Beginning of temple Architecture-Bhitargaon temple; Deogarh
temple; Ancient Indian Paintings with special reference to Ajanta Temple architectural styles:
Nagara, Dravid, Besara
Art & Architecture under; Chalukyas : Aihole, Pattadakal; Chandela: Khajuraho temples; Orissan
Temples : Lingaraja and Konark
Art & Architecture under; Rashtrakutas: Kailash Temple of Elora; Pallavas: Rathas of
Mahabalipuram; Cholas : Brihadishwara Temple of Tanjavur.
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 for MA English Literature
12. Rabindra Nath Tagore: From Gitanjali : (a) 11th, Leave the Chanting, (b) 12th Fruit
13. Nissim Ezikiel: “Background”, “Casually”
14. Frost: “ Stopping by the Woods”
15. Walt Whitman: “O Captain, My Captain!”
16. Alfred Lord Tennyson: (a) “Break, Break, Break” ; (b) “ Ulysses”
17. Robert Browning: (a) “ My Last Duchess” ; (b) “Prospice”
18. Matthew Arnold: (a) “Dover Beach”; (b) “ Memorial Verses”
19. Thomas Hardy: (a) “ The Darkling Thrush”; (b) “ The Voice”
20. Gerard Manley Hopkins: (a) “Pied Beauty” (b) “Thou Art Indeed Just Lord . . ”
21. W. B. Yeats: (a) “The Second Coming” ; (b) “ Prayer for My Daughter”
22. T. S. Eliot: “Love Song of Alfred J. Prufrock”
23. W. H. Auden: “In Memory of W. B. Yeats”
24. Adil Jussawala: “Sea Breeze, Bombay”
25. Kamla Das: “An Introduction”
26. Keki N. Daruwalla: “Ghagra in Spate”
27. Derek Walcott (West Indian): “A Far Cry From Africa”
28. Wole Soyinka (Nigerian): “Dragonfly at My Window Pane”
29. Amiri Baraka (African-American): “Wise I”
30. Judith Wright (Australian): “Bora Ring”
31. A. D. Hope (Australia): “Australia”
32. Michael Ondaatje (Sri Lanka/Canada): “Letters and Other Worlds”
33. Eunice de Souza (India): “Autobiographical”
34. Agha Shahid Ali (India): “Postcard from Kashmir” and “A Lost Memory of Delhi”
35. A. K. Ramanujan (India) “Love Poem for a Wife I”
36. Arun Kolatkar (India) “The Priest’s Son” and “The Butterfly”
37. Sylvia Plath (America): “Mirror” and “Daddy”
38. Gwendolyn Brooks (America): “The Lovers of the Poor”
39. Emily Dickinson (America): “After Great Pain, A Former Feeling Comes”
40. Sherman Alexie (America): “On the Amtrak from Boston to New York City”
41. Lorna Dee Cervantes (America): “Refugee Ship”
42. Practical Criticism : There will be multiple choice questions (MCQs) based on unseen
passages of prose and B. A. Part III: English Literature
George Bernard Shaw: Arms and the Man.
Mahesh Dattani: Where There’s a Will
The following plays are prescribed:
William Shakespeare: Macbeth
William Shakespeare: The Merchant of Venice
T. S. Eliot: Murder in the Cathedral
Eugene O’Neill: Desire Under the Elms
Harold Pinter: The Birthday Party
Girish Karnad: Hayavadana
Prose and Fiction
An Anthology of English Prose edited by the Dept. of English & MEL, University of Allahabad,
E. V. Lucas: “Tight Corners”
A. G. Gardiner: “In Defence of Ignorance”
Robert Lynd: “Student”
G. K. Chesterton: “On the Pleasure of No Longer Being Very Young”
George Orwell: “Reflections on Gandhi”
Aldous Huxley: “Pleasures”
J. B. Priestly: “On Doing Nothing”
Bertrand Russell: “The Road to Happiness”
Richard Wright: “Twelve Million Black Voices”
A. C. Benison: “The Art of the Essayist”
Francis Bacon: “Of Studies”
Proverbs, Chapter XV. (From The Bible)
Addison “Will Wimble”
Steele “The Spectator Club”
Goldsmith: “Beau Tibbs”
Johnson, “Letter to Chesterfield”
Lamb, “Dream Children”
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, “The Yellow Wallpaper”
Anita Desai: “A Farewell Party”
James Thurber “The Secret Life of Waltermity
Katherine Mansfield “The Fly”
Jane Austen: Pride and Prejudice
Charles Dickens: David Copperfield
E. M. Forster: A Passage to India
Salman Rushdie : Haroun and the Sea of Stories
Allahabad University PGAT 2021 Syllabus - MA Economics
Measures of Dispersion-Range, Quartile/Percentile Deviation, Mean Deviation, Standard
Deviation, Coefficient of Variation, Lorenz Curve, Measures of skewness and Kurtosis.
Correlation: Linear Rank, Index Numbers: Nature, Construction, Limitation, Importance,
Construction of Index Numbers: Simple, Weighted and Price Relative Methods.
National Income: its Measurement and Limitations, Nature of National Income Accounts in
Closed and Open Economy, Uses of National Income Analysis, Social Accounting, Environmental
Theory of Employment, Say’s Law of Market, Classical Theory, Keynesian Critique of Classical
Theory, Simple Keynesian Theory of Employment and Income Determination, Investment function.
Keynesian Consumption Function, Concept of Investment Multiplier.
Nature and Causes of Trade Cycles, Theories of Trade Cycle: Hawtrey, Hayek,
Schumpeter. Inflation: types, causes and impact, Inflation Employment Trade Off: Phillips
Curve, Macro Theory of Distribution: Ricardo, Marx and Kaldor. Theories of Growth: Harrod and
Domar Growth Models. Population and Development, Model of H. Leibenstein, the Low Level
Equilibrium Trap: Nelson
Development and Planning
Development: Meaning, Measurements and Indicators of Development. PQLI, HDI, GDI, GII,
Causes of Under-development. Circular Causation: Myrdal and Nurkse, Over-Population.
Technological Backwardness, Environment and Development.
Selected Theoretical Prescriptions of Development: Rostow’s Stages of Growth, Problem of
Choice of Technique. Models of Development: Balanced vs Unbalanced Growth, Hirschman,
Rosenstein Rodan, Two Gap Theory.
Measures for Development, Augmentation of Savings, Investment Strategy, Capital
Accumulation, Improvement in Technology and Industrialisation, Surplus Labour as a Source of
Capital Formation-Lewis and Nurkse, Choice of Technique, Human Capital and Economic
Development. Sustainable Development: Meaning and historical Evolution
Money and Public Finance
The Quantity Theory of Money: Fisher and Cambridge Approaches. Keynes’ Fundamental
Equations. An Elementary Treatment of Saving and Investment Approach. Concepts and
Components of Money Supply.
Theory of Commercial Banking, Theory of Credit Creation, Credit Multiplier. Theory of Central
Banking, Types of Banks- Development, Cooperative, Universal etc. Techniques of Credit Control, The Reserve Bank of India, Control of Commercial Banks & Control of Credit.
Public Finance and Private Finance: Concepts and Problems, Public and Private Goods,
Principle of Maximum Social Advantage. Public Expenditure: Nature and Effect. Federal Finance
concept, Federal Finance in India, Division of Resources, Finance Commission: Role and objectives.
Taxation: Progressive, Regressive & Proportionate. Direct and Indirect Taxes. Principle of
Taxation: Ability to Pay. Least Aggregate Sacrifice, Incidence, Impact and Shifting of Taxation in Perfect Competition and Monopoly
The Theory of Imperfect Competition, Duopoly, Oligopoly, Collusive and Non-collusive
Oligopoly, Cournot, Bertrand, Edgeworth, Stackleberg, Chamberlin’s Small Group Oligopoly Model,
The Kinded Demand Curve, Cartels: Joint Profit Maximization and Market Sharing Cartels.
Monopolistic Competition Models, The Criticism of Marginalist Approach to the Theory of the
Firm, Welfare Economics: The Criteria of Social Welfare, The National Income Criteria, The
Hedonist; The Cardinal Approach to Social Welfare, Pareto Optimality, Kaldor-Hicks Compensation
Principle; Bergson’s Social Welfare Function
Basis of International Trade. Theories of International Trade: Adam Smith, Ricardo. J.S.
Mill’sTheory of Reciprocal Demand. Marshall-Edgeworth Offer Curve, Haberler’s Opportunity Cost
Theory; Heckscher’s Critique of Classical Theory.
Terms of Trade and Gains from Trade: Kinds of Terms of Trade, Factors Influencing Terms of
Trade, Prebisch Singer Model, Relation between Terms of Trade and Gains from Trade.
Immiserizing Growth Theory. Balance of Payments: Meaning, Definition, and Illustration:
Disequilibrium in BOP
Exchange Rates: Purchasing Power Parity Theory, Balance of Payments Theory, Fixed and
Flexible Exchange Rates, Spot and Forward. FreeTrade and Protection, Exchange Control Infant
Industry Argument, Instruments of protection: Tariff, Quota and Devaluation, Exchange
Control.Measures for correction in BOP
India’s Economic Policy
General Objectives of Economic Policy in Developing Countries.
Unemployment and Poverty: A General Overview & Policies
Population Policy : National Population Policy and Population Policy of Uttar Pradesh.
Environmental Problems & National Environment Policy Industrial Policy : Role and Objectives, Industrial Policy of India, Private and Public Sector Competition Act
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Policies Energy Sector: Problems and Energy Policy
Agricultural Policy in India: Objectives and Overview Community Development Project and
Panchayati Raj Rural Development Programme Agricultural Price Policy Food Policy and The Public Distribution System
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 - MA Hindi
Hindi Sahitya ka Itihas, Bhasha Vigyan, Bhartiya Kavyashastra, Pashchatya Kavyashastra, Kavyabhasha, Aalochana aur Shahitya Chintan ki Nai Dishayen.
Allahabad University 2021 Syllabus for MA Medieval and Modern History
HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD (1453-1945) : A survey of the Political,
Social Economic and Cultural history of the Modern World
HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL INDIA (1206-1740)
HISTORY OF THE MODERN INDIA (1740-1950)
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 for MA Painting
Aesthetics & Art Appreciation (Indian and Western)
History of Indian Art (Prehistory to Modern)
History of Western Art (Prehistory to Modern)
Folk, Tribal and current trends in Art Scenario.
Practical - For admission in M.A. in Painting candidate has to appear in Practical Drawing Test of 100 marks. Time: 120 minutes of 100 marks in any medium.
Allahabad University 2021 PGAT Syllabus - MA Political Science
Definition, Nature and Scope of Pol. Science, Nomenclature relation with other social sciences, Different approaches idealistic, Individualistic, Liberal, Social Welfare, Contemporary, Libertarian Concept, Gandhian Concept and Marxian view of state, Sovereignty, Nation and Nationalism , Challenges before nation-state, Globalisation and emergence of civil society, Concept of liberty, equality, law, rights, justice, punishment and citizenship, evolutionary socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Democracy and Communitarianism
INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
The constituent assembly, Preamble, Main features of Indian Constitution, Procedure to amend the Constitution, Federalism, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy,
President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, Parliament, Judiciary, Judicial, Review and
Activism, Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Legislature, Panchayati Raj
and Urban Local Bodies, Party System in India
WESTERN POLITICAL THOUGHT
Features of Ancient Greek Political Thought, Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Bodin, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau, Bentham, Mill, Green, Hegel, Marx, Lenin, Mao
COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
Meaning, approaches, nature and scope of comparative government and politics.
Constitutionalism, Rule of Law, Legislature Executive and Judiciary, Organization of
Government- Unitary, Federal, Parliamentary and Presidential Democracy, Democracy
Dictatorship, Local Self Government, Political Culture and Socialization, Political Parties,
Pressure Groups, Electoral Process, Public opinion and Bureaucracy.
INDIAN POLITICAL THINKERS
Features of Ancient Indian Political Thought, Political Ideas of Manu, Kautilya, Features of Jain andBudhist Political Thought, Political Ideas of Mahabharat, Indian Renaissance and Political Ideas of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dayanand and Vivekanand, Political Ideas of Tilak, Arvindo Ghosh, M.N. Roy and Jai Prakash, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi and B.R. Ambedkar.
The study of International Relations, Role of State and Non-State Actors, Cold War, Feature of present world order, Globalisation and impact on world politics, Problem of Third World
Security, NAM, North-South Dialogues, ASEAN and SAARC, International Terrorism, Nuclear
Proliferation, Disarmament and Arms Control, Collective Security, Indian Foreign Policy, Indo-
Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration, NPA and NPM Organisation, Ecology of Indian Administration, Structure of organisation (Central and Cabinet Secretariats, P.M.O.), Centre-State Relations, Public sector undertakings, Parliamentary Control over financial Administration, Growth of civil services in India, D.M. and O&M, 73 - 74 Constitutional Amendment Acts, welfare administration for- S.C., S.T. and Women, Generalist- Specialist, Controversy, Problem of corruption, Lokpal and Lok Ayukta, Minister-Civil Servant
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 - MA Sociology
EMERGENCE OF SOCIOLOGY AND PIONEER THINKERS
Emergence of Sociology (Definition, Nature, Scope and Subject Matter of Sociology) and its Relationship with other Social Sciences; Works of Comte (Positivism), Spencer (Social Darwinism), Durkheim (Social Facts, Solidarity, and Suicide), Weber (Social Action, Authority, Idea, Type, Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism), Marx (Materialistic Conception of History, Class Struggle, Alienation), Pareto (Circulation of Elites), Parsons (Social Action and AGIL) and Merton (Functional Analysis).
BASIC CONCEPT: Society, community, Culture, Civilization; Socialization - Agencies and Theories;
Social Structure and Function; Institution and Association; Social Group and Its Types;
Customs, Norms, Values, Sanctions and Laws; Status, Role and its Types.
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES: Evolutionary, Structural, Functional, Conflict and Interactional.
INSTITUTIONS : Kinship and Its Types, Forms and Usages; Family and Its type; Marriage and Its Types; Economy and Its Forms-Urban, Rural and Tribal Economy (Primitive communism, Concept of Property and Ceremonial Exchange among Tribes- Potlatch and Kula Ring, Division of labour, Jajmani Relations); Religion - Theories and Forms of Religion, Magic, and Religion and Science; Political - Elites and Leaders, Political Parties, Caste Panchayat and Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs); Education as a Social System.
SOCIO-CULTURAL PROCESS AND CHANGES
Cultural lag, Assimilation, Acculturation, Cooperation, Competition, Conflict; Universalization and Parochialization, Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization and Secularization; Meaning of Social Changes and Its Types (progress, Development, Growth, Evolution and Revolution); Theories and Factors of (Demographic, Biological, Economic, Technological and Cultural) of Social Change; Approaches to
STRATIFICATION, MOBILITY AND SOCIAL MOVEMENT
Meaning of Stratification - Its Forms and Theories (Functional, Conflict, Weberian); Social Mobility and Its Type; Meaning and Theories of Caste, Caste as a Unit and caste as a System, Dominant Caste, Changing Dimension of Caste and Class; Meaning of Social Movement and its types
Objectivity and Subjectivity in Social Sciences, Positivism and Empiricism in
Sociology, Sociological, Explanations, Types of research, Steps in Social Research; Research
Designs (Exploratory, Descriptive and experimental); Methodology, Method & Techniques:
Ethnography, Observation, Case study, Content Analysis, Survey, Sampling, Questionnaire,
Schedule and Interview; Data Analysis - Measures of central tendency, Correlation and Chi-
UNDERSTANDING INDIAN SOCIETY AND VARIOUS SOCIAL ISSUES
Eminent, Indian Thinkers on Indian Social System; Unity in Diversity - Language, Religion, Caste and Cultural Pattern; Varnasharama System, Purushartha, Joti and Varma; Issues on Villages, Towns and Cities; tribes, Dalits, Women and Minorities, Racial and Physical Distribution of Tribes in India; tribe-Caste Continuum; Rural-Urban Continuum; Social Problems and Their remedies -Religious, Ethnic and Regional, OBC, SC, ST, Women and Minorities, Dowry, Domestic Voilence, Intra and Inter-Generational Relations, Communalism, Terrorism and Corruption;
Social Disorganization - crime and Delinquency, Theories of Crime, White Collar Crime,
Theories and Types of Punishment; Nation- building and Ethnic Identities, Development
induced Displacement and Environmental Issues.
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 - MA Philosophy
Ethics, Western Philosophy, Theory of Knowledge, Socio-Political Philosophy, Indian Philosophy, Logic, Philosophy of Religion
Allahabad University 2021 Syllabus for MA Sanskrit
(ii) Poorva Megh- Upto 30 slokas
(iii) Kiratarjuniyam-Prathamah sargah
(iv) Kadambari Kathapuram Prabhatvarna Paryanta
Following Suktas of Rigvedas:
(a) Vishvedeva Suktam,
(b) Vishun Suktam
(c) Indra Suktam
(d) Prajapati Suktam
(e) Purush Suktam
(f) Vak suktam
(g) Shivsankalpa Suktam From Shukla Yajurveda)
Sangya & Sandhi prakaranas of Laghu Siddhanta kaumudi
(vii) Niti Shatak- Upto 30 Slokas
(i) Sahitya Darpan (First & Second Parichchheda only)
(ii) Uttar Ram Charitam- Upto Third Act
(iii) Tark Sangraha
(iv) Sri Mad Bhagwad Geeta (Second, Third & Ninth Chapter only)
(v) Karak Prakaran of Madhya Siddhant Kaumudi (Practical Knowledge only)
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 for M.Sc Botany
Fungi; Lichens; Bacteria and Plant Viruses; Algae; Bryophyte; Pteridophyta; Gymnospermophyta; Taxonomy; Morphology & Anatomy; Life History; Plant Physiology; Plant Ecology; Cytology; Genetics; Molecular Biology; Evolution; Microbiology And Applied Microbiology; Genetic Engineering, Plant Pathology; Economic Botany; Applied Plant Anatomy; Plant Breeding; Marine Biology & Limnology; Palaeobotany and Palynology; Plant Diversification; Morphogenesis and Tissue Culture.
Allahabad University 2021 Syllabus - M.Sc Chemistry
Thermodynamics, Chemical Kinetics, and Catalysis, Chain Reactions and Photochemistry,
Electro-Chemistry, Atomic Structure, Gasses State, Surface Phenomena
Bonding in Carbon Compounds, Aromaticity and Huckel’s rule, Aliphatic and Aromatic
Aldehydes and Ketones (i) Optical Isomerism (ii) Geometrical Isomerism, Active Methylene
Compounds, Spectroscopy U.V. Visible, IR, NMR, Cycloparaffins, Carbohydrates,
Diazonium Compounds, Synthetic Polymers, Synthetic applications of Grignard
Atomic Structures and Periodic Properties, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, Co-
ordination Chemistry, Chemistry of Representative Elements, Transition metals
including Lanthanides, Extractive Metallurgy, Environmental Pollution, Metal Ions in
Biological Systems, Preparation, Properties and Structures, Inorganic Analysis
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 for M.Sc Computer Science/ MCA
Boolean Algebra: Decimal, Binary, Octal and Hexadecimal Numbers and their interconversion, Boolean Expressions, Truth tale representation, SOP and POS forms, Theorems of Boolean
Algebra and their use in simplification of Boolean Expressions, Karnaugh map method and its
use in simplification of logic expressions.
Logic Gates and Logic Families: Basic logic gates, Elementary idea of commonly used logic families,
Working of Standard TTL logic gates, , Implementing Logic circuit using Basic/Universal logic
Combinational Circuits and their Implementation: Adder, Subtractor, Parity Generator, Encoder,
Decoder, Multiplexer and Demultiplexer Circuits, Combinational circuit design using
Sequential Circuits and their Implementation: Characteristics & Excitation table of RS,JK, T and D
Flip flop, Clocked and Edge triggered Flip flops; Ripple counters and Synchronous counters;
Binary, BCD and modulo counters, Shift Registers.
Generation of Computers: Functional Block Diagram of a Computer; Types of Computer, Hardware
and Software, Components of a system: memory, CPU, I/O, Basic I/O methods, Generations
of Computer, Generation of Programming languages, Language Translators - Compiler,
Interpreter & Assembler, Hardware and Software, Application vs System Software, Operating
System and its functions. Single user, multi-user, time-shared system.
Computer Memory: Concept of sequential and random storage, RAM, ROM, EPROM, Auxiliary
storage devices, Magnetic and optical discs. Cache memory, virtual memory.
I/O Devices and Interfacing: Serial and parallel communication, Interfacing, Types of buses, I/O
devices- keyboard, mouse, light pen, touch screen, VDU, LCD, dot matrix, laser and ink jet
COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION
Data Representation, Signed numbers, fixed and floating point numbers, binary number addition,
subtraction, multiplication and division, Is and 2s complement method.
Basic Computer Organization: CPU, Registers, ALU, System Buses, Memory organization and
interleaving, memory hierarchy, Memory mapped and standard I/O, Programmed I/O,
Interrupt driven I/O and DMA
Microprocessor Architecture: 8085 microprocessor architecture, pin diagram, Interrupts,
Instructions, Addressing modes.
PROGRAMMING IN C
Flowchart representation, algorithm, Stages in Program development; Low, middle and high level
languages; Languages translators; Syntax and logical errors.
Features of C Language: Variables, Data types, Operator, storage classes, Expressions, Library functions, C preprocessor, Control flow, arrays; structures; I/O operations, functions,
macros, files and pointers
Data structures, Representation and Implementation, Complexity calculation of algorithms,
Linearity and Non-linearity of data structures.
Linear Data Structures : Arrays, Ordered lists and their representations, List operations-Insertion,
Deletion, Traversal; Stacks, Queues, Priority Queues, Linked lists, Doubly linked lists, Sparse
Non-Linear data Structure: Binary Trees and their representation, Binary Tree traversals, Threaded
Binary tress, Height balancing and AVL tree, union and find algorithms, Decision tree, Graphs
and their representations, Graph search, Graph traversal, Connected Components and
spanning trees, Shortest path.
Searching and Sorting: Sequential search Binary search, Hashing, Chaining and symbol tables,
Collision processing, Indexed search techniques, Bubble, Insertion, Quick, Radix and Heap
Channel capacity, Baud & bit rate; Maximum data rate of a channel; MUX:TDM, FDM; Synchronous
& asynchronous transmission; Data Transmission modes
The electrical Interface: Attenuation & distortion sources, Signal types, Signal propagation delay, Transmission media-Wired & wireless, comparison of different transmission media, Concepts of modulation- AM, FM, PM, Digital signal modulation vs Analog signal modulation,
Baseband & Broadband transmission. Data Networks: Circuit switching, Message Switching & Packet switching; Virtual circuit vs circuit switching; Network topology; Linear, Circular, Star, Tree & Graph, Ethernet, Token ring,
Token bus & FDDI, ATM, Role of ATM in inter-networks; Network Protocol basics; Error
control & link management; data link control protocols bit oriented & character oriented
protocols; OSI model TCP/IP. Error detection & correction: Asynchronous data error detection; Data correction using parity, Error detection for synchronous transmission; Cheksum error detection; Hamming code, CRC.
Network components: Switches, Hubs, Concentrators, Modem, Network interface card, Repeaters, Bridges, Routes and Gateways
Allahabad University PGAT 2021 Syllabus for M.Sc Zoology
Nonchordates, Taxonomy and Evolution, Physiology and Biochemistry, Protochordates and
Vertebrates. Special Topics Sphenodon as living fossil, Biting mechanism of poisonous snake; snake venom and antivenom. Flight adaptations of birds, Aquatic mammals.
Animal Distribution and Ecology, Genetics and Cell Biology, Molecular Biology and Genetic
Engineering, Economic Zoology and Environmental Biology, Development Biology and
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 for M.Sc Physics
Thermodynamic equilibrium, Zeroth law, first law, second law, reversible process, Carnot's
theorem, entropy and disorder; thermodynamic relations and applications. Clausius-
Clapeyron equation, phase transitions of first and second order.
Radiation as e.m. wave, Kirchhoff's law. black body radiation, pressure and energy density, Stefan- Boltzmann law, Planck’s law and its limiting cases. Phase space, ensembles, equilibrium and fluctuation, entropy and probability, entropy of a perfect gas, microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles, partition function, Boltzmann distribution, B.E. and FD. Statistics, simple applications.
Gauss’ Law, Biot-Savart law, Vector Potential, Faraday law. Ampere's circuital law, generalization of Ampere’s law by Maxwell, Maxwell’s equations and its solution in free space and simple dielectrics. Poynting theorem, plane wave propagation in metals and plasmas.
Interference Diffraction Special theory of Relativity Uncertainty principle
Linear Harmonic oscillator, Angular momentum, commutation relations, Ladder operators eigenvalues of I, and L Z, Parity operator Hydrogen atom problem, Pauli spin matrices. Time-independent non-degenerate perturbation theory and its simple applications, Identical particles, symmetric and antisymmetric wave function.
Crystalline state of solids, unit cell, bravais lattice, reciprocal lattice, interatomic forces, vibrations of monoatomic and diatomic chains, phonons.
Free electron theory of metals, electrons in periodic potential, Bloch waves, semiconductors, p-n, junction, diode, rectification, ripple factor, Transistor action and
characteristics, C.E. amplifiers and its frequency response. Logic gates, Boolean algebra, Combinational logic, Integrated Circuits. Solar Cell, Amplitude modulation.
Laser: Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Einstein’s coefficients, relative contribution of stimulated and spontaneous emissions, population inversion, Laser emission, characteristic of Laser light (including temporal), Amplification in an inverted medium, threshold condition for lasing.
Holography: Basic principles of Holography, Recording and Viewing of a hologram. Thick Hologram,
Multiplex hologram, White light reflection holograms.
Optical Instruments: Introduction of multiple beam interferometry, Fabry-perot interferometer
and etalon (resolving power and determination of wavelengths), Resolving power of Lumer
Gehreck plate, Grating and prism spectrograph for visible, IR and UV regions.
Bohr-Sommerfield Model (Historical developments), Bohr model and the spectra
of hydrogenic atoms, Critical resonance and the Ionisation potentials. Frank-Hertz
experiment. Characteristic and continuous X-rays, Moseley’s law, Bragg’s law.
Space Quantization, Vector atom model and Quantum Numbers, Magnetic moment of the
electrons and magneton, Larmor Precession, Electron Spin, Stem-Gerlach experiment,
Qualitative concept of various quantum number of an electron, Pauli’s exclusion principle
electronic configuration of atoms.
Magnetic Properties of Materials
Diamagnetism, Larmor’s theory and diamagnetic susceptibility. Paramagnetism, Langevin’s theory and Curie-Weiss Law, Qualitative discussion of Ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism.
Particle nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect and Compton effect. Wave nature of particles. De-Broglie Waves, Davisson-Germer experiment, Wave Packets, Phase velocity and group
velocity, Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle and applications, One dimensional Schrodinger’s
Wave Equation and concept of probabilities, amplitude, application to one dimensional
potential step and barrier. Quantum Mechanical Tunneling
Natural radioactivity, Laws of radioactive disintegration, radioactive series, Detection of radiation, GM Counter and Bubble Chamber, Scintillation Counter.
Kinematics of nuclear reactions, artificial nuclear transmutation, discovery of neutron, radioactive tracers, transuranic elements. Cyclotron Constitution of nucleus, Binding energy, liquid drop model and the semiempirical mass formula, Elementary theory of • -decay, • - decay and discovery of neutrino Magic numbers and the shell model, exchange forces in nuclei and Yukawa theory (qualitative), Fission and fusion, Nuclear reactors (qualitative),
Thermonuclear energy. Classification of Elementary Particles, Leptons, mesons and bayrons
and their quantum numbers, Conservation Laws.
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 for M.Sc Anthropology
Meaning and Scope of Anthropology: Branch of Anthropology, a) Social-Culture Anthropology,
b) Physical/Biological Anthropology, c) Archaeological Anthropology, d) Linguistic
Relations of Anthropology with other disciplines: Life Sciences, Earth Sciences, Medical Sciences;
Social Sciences and Humanities.
The Basic terms and Concepts in Anthropology: Culture, Society, Association, Institution, Culture
change, Socialization, Mutation, Paleoanthropology, Geological time Scale, Glaciations and
Definition and types of Marriage, Family, Kinship: Economic and Political Anthropology: Meaning and Scope. Religion and Magic: Definition and Meaning. The Basic of Indian Social System Indian Village
Major Concepts in Indian Anthropology: Dominant Caste, Sanskritisation, Westernization, Sacred
Complex, Nature-Man-Spirit complex, Little and Great Tradition, tribe-caste continuum.
Special Constitutional Provisions, Problems and welfare measures related to tribes.
Theories of Social-Cultural anthropology : Evolutionism, Diffusionism, Functionalism, Culture and
Personality, Contributions of the following Anthropologists:
a) Robert Redfield,
b). Durkheim, c) L.P. Vidhyarthi, d) M.N. Srinivas. Fieldwork Tradition in Anthropology
Major tools of Research : Observation, Interview, Case Study, Life History, Survey Research,
Schedule and Questionnaire, geological Method
Theory of Organic Evolution: Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, Darwinism, Neo- Darwinism, Synthetic
theory of Evolution.
Position of man in animal kingdom: distribution, classification and physical characters of Primate
Comparative Anatomy of Man and Ape Fossil evidences of emergence of man:
(c) Pithecanthropus, Sinanthropus
(d) Neanderthal, Cro Magnon
Concept of Race : Criteria of Racial classification, Genetic basis of race, Racial classification of Indian Population (Guha’s Classification).
Human Genetics : Basic Concept of Genetics, Mendelian Principles with reference to human. Biostatistics- Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, Median, Mode, and Standard Deviation.
Concept: History, Prehistory, and Proto-history.
Methods of Dating : Relative and Absolute methods.
Tool making techniques and tool topology.
Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic Culture of Europe.
Indus Valley Civilization: Main features, Town planning, economy, Polity, religion, Art & Craft,
and Causes of Decline.
Allahabad University 2021 Syllabus - M.Sc Food and Nutrition
Structure and organization of: Cells, Tissues, Muscular System, Cardio-vascular system, lymphatic system, Digestive system, Excretory system, Urinary system, Nervous system, Endocrine system, Reproductive system.
Normal and Therapeutic Nutrition
1. Food Groups, Balanced Diet, recommended Dietary Allowances, Basal Metabolic Rate,
Body Mass Index, Nutrients, Vitamins, Minerals, Water.
2. Life cycle Nutrition: Infancy, Pre-school, School going, Adolescence, Adulthood,
Geriatric, Pregnancy and Lactation.
3. Nutritional/Dietary treatment during diseases: Protein Calorie Malnutrition, Deficiency
diseases, Fevers, Overweight and underweight, Gastro-intestinal tract diseases, Diabetes,
Liver and Gallbladder diseases, Kidney diseases, Cardiovascular diseases.
1. Types, Classification, Nutritive value and use of : Cereals, Pulses and Legumes,
Vegetables and Fruits, Milk and milk products, Meat, Fish and Poultry, Eggs, Oil seeds
2. Concept and use of: Sprouting, Pasteurization, Food Preservation, Food Additives
1. Structure and General properties of: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic acids
2. Chemistry and Metabolic functions of: Vitamins, Minerals, Enzymes and Hormones
3. Metabolism of : Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins
1. Classification of microbes, General study of prokaryotes, Yeast, Moulds and fungi
2. Distribution of microorganisms in the air, Water, Soil, Milk, Fruits and vegetables etc.
3. Bacteria , Virus, protozoa and Fungi associated diseases
4. Food poisoning and food infection
5. Microorganisms in fermentation and decay
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 for M.Sc Defence and Strategic Studies
Art of Warfare in Indian, Contemporary Study of War and Peace, Indian Military History, World Military History, Strategic Thought, National Security, Science, Technology and National Security, Current Development related to India’s Defence and Security
Allahabad University PGAT Syllabus 2021 - M.Sc Mathematics
Straight lines and planes, Spheres, Cones and cylinders, Central conicoids, Generating
lines, Conics in polar coordinates
Sets, Relations and Maps, Groups, Cyclic groups, Normal subgroups and quotient groups,
Lagarange’s theorem, Symmetric and alternating groups, isomorphism theorems, Rings,
Integral domains and Fields, Ideals and quotient rings, Polynomial rings, Linear and quadratic
congruences, Legendre symbol, Arithmetic functions.
Real number system, convergence of sequences and infinite series of real numbers,
absolute and conditional convergence, Limits, continuity and differentiability of functions of
one real variable, Mean value theorems and their applications, Riemann integrals,
Convergence of improper integrals
Limit, continuity, Partial and directional derivatives, Differentiability of functions of several real
variables, Mean value theorems and Taylor’s theorem for functions of several real variables,
Jacobians, Inverse and Implicit function theorem, Convergence and uniform convergence of
sequences and series of functions, Basic concepts in metric spaces, compactness in metric
spaces, complex analytic functions
Scalar and Vector fields, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Line integrals, Double
integrals, Surface integrals and Volume integrals, Gauss’, Stokes’ and Green’s theorems and their applications
Differential Equations of first order and their applications, Equations of
higher degree, Singular solutions, Linear differential equations of higher order, Variation of parameters, Linear systems of first order, Existence and uniqueness theorems for solutions of differential equations
Virtual work, Catenary, Simple harmonic motion, Motion in a plane, Constrained
Motion, Central orbits, Forces in three dimensions, Moments and products of inertia of rigid
bodies, D’Alembert’s principle
Kinematics of fluid motion, velocity potential, stream lines, Euler’s equation of
Motion, Fluid Motion in two dimensions: Complex potential, Sources, Sinks and Doublets
and their image system with regard to a line and a circle.
Numerical techniques for roots of general equations, Interpolation, Numerical
differentiation and integration, Numerical solution of first and second order ordinary
differential equations, Matrix factorization and iterative methods for systems for linear
equations, Estimation of eigenvalues and eigenvectors, Least square curve fitting.
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 for M.Sc Textile and Apparel Design
Design- Types of Design, Principles of Design, Element of Design-Line texture, Colour.
Fashion- Fashion cycle, theories of fashion.
Teaching in pattern making- Drafting, draping, pattern.
Fitting- Associated problems
History & scope of Apparel Design in India.
Terminology of fabric cutting & sewing
Drafting of - frock, Romper, Women's garments, Men's garments.
Properties of textile fibers.
Textile chemistry- Natural fibers, man made fibers, yarn construction, Fabric
finishes, Dyes types.
Traditional textile of India - Chikankari, Zardosi, Kanthas of Bengal,
Kashmiri kasheeda, Muslins of Dhaka, Amru and Himru of
Hyderabad, Baluchari, kanchi varams, chanderi's , phulkari,
Removal of stain - Cotton, Silk, and synthetic fabric soap manufacturing.
Laundry & dry cleaning - Soap making, types of bleaches.
Printing methods- Resist, block, and Screen printing.
Allahabad University 2021 Syllabus for M.Sc Women Studies
Women’s Studies is a multidisciplinary subject. Multiple choice questions will be set from all
areas of Women’s Studies including the History of Women’s Studies in India as well as in the West
as well as current advancements in Women’s Studies. Important institutions related to Women’s
Studies and Women’s Empowerment, International as well as Indian legislation related to Women
eg: Prevention of Sati, Domestic Violence, Sexual Harassment, Triple Talaq etc., the role of MHRD
and UGC in the development of Women’s Studies. Questions will also be set on the Feminist
Movement in India as well as in the West, the three waves of Western Feminism, various kinds of
Feminism, Eco Feminism. The candidate must have a knowledge of issues and people related to
Women’s Empowerment and Welfare in India, the Women’s Movement in India both before and
after Independence, India National Policies and Agencies concerning Women’s Development, eg.
Sva Shakti, Swayam Siddha, STEP, NCW, Ministry of Women and Child Development etc. Questions
will also be asked on the efforts made by the United Nations at the International level eg., CEDAW,
International Women’s Day, Women’s Conferences from Mexico to Beijing. In addition to all this
the candidate must have a knowledge of Women and Development, Gender and Development,
Women and Literature, Women and Cinema, Women and Science, Women and Sports, LGBT,
Women’s Associations like WIA, NCWA, AIWC, important women from all fields at the international
and National level, Feminist Research and Feminist Research Methodology
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 - Master in Development Studies
Mass Media & Information & Communication Technology (ICT), Sustainable
development and Environmental issues
H. Basic Computer Skills
I. Idioms & phrases
J. Foreign words
Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 - UGAT
The University of Allahabad issues the syllabus of Allahabad University which covers all the topics and units which need to be studied by the candidates who are appearing for the UGAT exam. In the given table, we have picked up all the essential topics which are part of Allahabad University Undergraduate Aptitude Test.
Allahabad University UGAT Syllabus 2021
The University of Allahabad has released the exam pattern of Allahabad University 2021 with the admission notification. The AU aspirants must be conversant with the Allahabad University 2021 exam pattern in order to enhance their preparation level. The Allahabad University exam pattern 2021 specifies the details about the duration of the exam, medium of the exam, mode of examination, total number of questions asked and total marks. The exam pattern of Allahabad University 2021 may vary depending upon the programme applied and level of the programme.
Allahabad University Sample Papers 2021
The sample papers of Allahabad University 2021 is very useful for the applicants in their preparation for the entrance examination. The Allahabad University 2021 sample papers should be practiced by the aspirants of AU to get the details about the kind of questions asked in the previous year examinations. The Allahabad University sample papers 2021 make students acquainted with the format and structure of the question paper. The Allahabad University sample papers help candidates to assess their level of preparation and where they stand in terms of their domain knowledge.
Allahabad University 2021 Sample Papers
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - Allahabad University Syllabus 2021 - Exam Pattern, Question Papers Check Here
Question: How will Allahabad University sample papers help in scoring good marks?
More and more practice of previous year Allahabad University sample papers and question papers will assist students who are appearing for the entrance exam in scoring good marks.
Question: What are the advantages of practicing Allahabad University sample papers 2021?
The sample paper of Allahabad University 2021 is based on the actual exam pattern of the entrance test and it will make applicants familiar with the type and level of questions asked in the exam.
Question: What is the Allahabad University entrance test syllabus for B.A programme?
The Allahabad University entrance exam syllabus of BA consists of questions from topics such as English, General Mental Ability Test, Hindi Language and Literature, General Awareness and Subject Test.
Question: How can I enhance my preparation for Allahabad University entrance test 2021?
After completing the syllabus for their desired programme, the candidates must practice the Allahabad University sample papers and previous year question papers to boost their preparation.
Question: When will the Allahabad University entrance test for UG and PG programmes be conducted?
The Allahabad University 2021 UGAT and PGAT will be held from October 18 to 30.
Allahabad University Counselling 2021 - The conducting body of...
Allahabad University Admit Card 2021 - The University of Allah...
Allahabad University Exam Pattern 2021 - Candidates can check ...
Questions related to Allahabad University Entrance Exam
qa mai hindi mai paper de sakti hu
The Allahabad University Entrance examination conducted is a Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) based examination, so as such you don't have to write anything. Now if you are asking if the Question Paper will be available in Hindi or not then yes question paper is available in both languages -English as well as Hindi. You can attempt the paper with the language of your choice.
For more information about the Allahabad University Entrance examination, you may want to click on the link below-
I have complete my graduation in BCOM HONORS from Lucknow University am I eligible for MA Economics course if I have to apply in Allahabad University??
If you have passed from a recognized university, with a relevant degree and with minimum aggregate of 50 percent marks then Yes you are eligible to take admission and sit for the PGAT entrance test.
All the best!
Sir i am currently studying in class 12. Sir can i fill application form of allahabad university for ugat courses
Allahabad University has released the Allahabad University 2021 application form for UGAT and PGAT on September 11 in online mode. Candidates who wish to appear for the Allahabad University Entrance Exam can fill and submit the application form till the submission deadline, October3.
Eligibility criteria is that students should have passed his/her 12th examination.
I hope it helps.
May not pass the Allahabad University entrance exam, so will anyone get the college affiliated to him through counseling to do from MBA
Hope you are doing great as per the question asked by you as per the question asked by you if you are not able to qualify the entrance exam of allahabad university then you will not be able to get admissions in any of the campuses or affiliated colleges of allahabad university.
Hope you found this answer useful.Stay motivated stay positive.
All the best!
When is the entrance exam of Allahabad University ?
Allahabad University Undergraduate Admission Test (UGAT).
Allahabad University Postgraduate Admission Test (PGAT).
are the entrance exams for Allahabad University.
The Allahabad University admission test for UGAT and PGAT courses will be held in November depending on the programme applied.
The result of Allahabad University 2021 will be announced in the month of December. The qualified candidates will be invited for the counselling of Allahabad University 2021 to claim their seats.