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About NEST 2022
NISER, Bhubaneswar and UM-DAE CEBS have announced the NEST 2022 result on July 5. The scorecard of NEST will be released in the next few days. The conducting bodies will also release the NEST final answer key 2022 anytime soon in online mode. The conducting bodies had sent the NEST 2022 answer key on the registered email address of the candidates on June 22. Candidates could raise the challenges till June 25. NEST 2022 was conducted on June 18.
The conducting bodies have released the NEST 2022 admit card on June 7. Registered candidates could download the NEST admit card 2022 from the official website of NEST. NEST examination 2022 was held for a duration of 3.5 hrs. The medium of NEST entrance test 2022 was only English.
LATEST NEST 2022 UPDATES: To appear for NEST mock test 2022 - Click here
The participating institutions of NEST 2022, National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneswar and University of Mumbai- Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CEBS) Mumbai will conduct the counselling separately for admissions to their programmes.
Contact details -
Email ID - firstname.lastname@example.org
Helpline - 0674-2494044
NEST 2022 Highlights
|Full Exam Name||National Entrance Screening Test|
|Short Exam Name||NEST|
|Conducting Body||National Institute of Science Education and Research|
|Frequency of Conduct||Once a year|
|Exam Level||National Level Exam|
|Mode of Application||Online|
|Application Fee (General)||1200 Rs [Online]|
|Mode of Exam||Online|
|Mode of Counselling||Online / Offline|
|Exam Duration||3 Hours 30 Minutes|
NEST 2022 Important Dates
Past Dates and Events
05 Jul, 2022
Result | Mode: Online
22 Jun, 2022 - 25 Jun, 2022
Answer Key | Mode: Online
18 Jun, 2022
Exam | Mode: Online
07 Jun, 2022
Admit Card | Mode: Online
23 Feb, 2022 - 21 May, 2022
Application | Mode: Online
Candidates who wish to appear in the National Entrance Screening Test (NEST) must meet the NEST eligibility criteria 2022 set by NISER Bhubaneswar and UM-DAE CEBS. It must be noted that if a candidate fails to meet the NEST eligibility criteria then their candidacy will be cancelled by the authorities. Candidates who qualify the NEST and match the NEST eligibility criteria 2022 are offered admission to five-year integrated MSc programs offered by NISER Bhubaneswar and UM-DAE CEBS. The NEST 2022 eligibility criteria is given below.
Qualifying Exam: Aspirants must have qualified Class 12th exam form Science stream or been appearing in Class 12th exam, from a recognized board by the Indian government. Furthermore, candidates are required to have passed Class 12th in the years 2021/2022 or must be appearing for the exam in 2022.
Qualifying Exam Marks: Candidates who belong to the General category are required to have a minimum aggregate of 60% in the Class 12th examination, whereas candidates belonging to reserved categories such as SC/ST/PwD only need to score 55% aggregate in Class 12th.
Lower Age Limit: The authorities have laid out the lower age limit NEST which candidates have to satisfy to attempt the entrance exam. The lower age limit set by the authorities varies for candidates as per the category they belong to. Candidates belonging to the General and OBC category must have been born on or after August 1, 2002, while candidates of SC/ST/PwD categories are given a relaxation of 5 years such that they must have been born on or after August 1, 1997.
Mode of Application : Online
Mode of Payment : Net Banking | Credit Card | Debit Card
The NEST application form 2022 has been released on February 21 in online mode. The NEST 2022 application process from filling the application form to submitting is completely online. While filling the NEST application form 2022, candidates had to go through various stages such as registration, submitting personal information, uploading necessary documents and paying the application fee. Before submitting the NEST application form, candidates must make sure that all the details mentioned in the application form is correct. Candidates could follow the procedure given below to know how to fill the NEST application form 2022.
Things to keep ready before filling the NEST Application Form
- Valid email ID and mobile number
- Class 10th mark sheet and certificate
- Class 12th mark sheet and certificate
- Valid ID proof such as Aadhar Card/Pan Card/Ration Card/Voter ID/Driving License/Passport
- Scanned copy of recent passport size photograph
- Scanned copy of candidate’s signature
Steps to fill the NEST Application Form 2022
Step 1: Go to the official website - nestexam.in.
Step 2: Click on the 'Apply Online' button, followed by 'New Registration'.
Step 3: Now register yourself by submitting the required information.
Step 4: After entering the details, click on 'Register'.
Step 5: The login credentials will be sent to the registered mobile number and email-Id of the candidate.
Step 6: Candidates can login using their login credentials and fill the NEST application form by filling information and uploading the necessary documents.
Step 7: Now, candidates can proceed on to pay the application fee through credit card/debit card/net banking and then submit the application fee.
|OBC, General||Online||Male||₹ 1200|
|OBC, SC, General, ST||Online||Female||₹ 600|
|SC, ST||Online||Male||₹ 600|
|OBC, SC, General, ST||PWD||Online||Female, Male||₹ 600|
|Cell theory and cells as unit of life|
|Basic concepts of biomolecules-proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids|
|Tools and techniques of cell studies-use of microscope and calibration (microscopy), elements of microscope|
|Biomembranes-transport mechanism, cellular respiration|
|Cell organelles-structure and functions|
|Discovery and structure of DNA, processes of replication, transcription, genetic code and translation|
|Principles of the basic techniques in molecular biology|
|Enzymes-catalysis, kinetics, activation energy, competitive, and non-competitive inhibition|
Genetics and evolution
|Fundamentals of genetics and evolution|
|Evidences and theories of organic evolution|
|Organization of the hereditary material in chromosomes|
|Mitosis and meiosis compared, and contrasted|
|Significance of meiosis|
|Mendel's laws of inheritance|
|Discovery of linkage, sex-linked inheritance|
|Crossing-over, stage at which crossing-over occurs|
|Mutation-discovery, types of mutation, and mutations in diploids|
|Role of mutations in evolution|
|Elaboration of mendel's laws of inheritance|
|Monohybrid or dihybrid crosses|
|Human genetics-human chromosomes, sex-determination, sex-linked inheritance|
|Physical and biological factors in influencing organisms|
|Food chains, pyramids of numbers, and biomass|
|Flora and fauna|
|Basics of microbial systems, ecosystems|
Humans and environment
|Soil, rainfall, and temperature with reference to natural resources|
|Our natural resources-their uses and abuses|
|Environmental pollution and preventive measures|
|Biodiversity and conservation|
|Principles of recombinant dna technology|
|Applications of biotechnology|
Biology of animal systems
|Digestive system: Modes of nutrition. Different vitamin compounds and their deficiencies. Structure of alimentary canal and associated glands, digestive enzymes, and gastrointestinal hormones|
|Digestive system: Absorption of products of digestion, peristalsis, balanced diet|
|Respiratory system: Gaseous exchange in animals. Structure of respiratory organs, mechanism of breathing, gaseous transport, tissue respiration|
|Circulatory system: Open and closed systems. Functions of blood and lymph. Microscopic structure of blood and blood vessels. Structures and working of heart. Distribution of arteries and veins. Circulation of blood coagulation. Blood groups|
|Excretory system: Elimination of nitrogenous waste. Osmoconformers and osmoregulators. Structure and function of kidney tubules. Arrangement of excretory organs|
|Nervous system: General account of brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Reflex actions (simple and conditioned). Sense organs (eye and ear)|
|Reproductive system: Sexual and asexual reproduction. General arrangement and functions of reproductive organs|
|Basic features of development in animals|
|Types of eggs, fertilization, cleavage, blastula|
|Stem cells-definition, types, uses, advantages, and disadvantages, induced pluripotent stem cells|
|Different hormones and their roles|
|Diversity of animal life-principles of classification, binomial nomenclature|
|General classification of animal phyla up to classes (invertebrates) and up to sub-classes/ order (vertebrates), general characters of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals|
|Basics of immune mechanisms and diseases-active and passive immunity, T-and B-cell responses, antigen presentation, principles of vaccination, monoclonal antibodies and their uses, immunology of AIDS|
Biology of plant systems
|Anatomy and physiology of plants-meristems|
|Plant growth and development|
|Internal and external regulators of growth, and development in plant|
|Internal structure of root, stem, secondary growth, and leaves|
|Xylem and phloem-their cell elements and functions|
|Internal structure of dicot and monocot leaves|
|Photosynthesis-history, importance, factors, and mechanism, stomatal mechanism, transpiration, and respiration|
|Comparative study of dicot and monocot anatomy|
|Absorption and cell-water relations, transport of water, and minerals, tropic, and turgor movements|
|Significance of life-cycles with special reference to alternation of generations as exemplified in funaria, selaginella, and pinus (no structural details)|
|Principles of classical and new systematics|
|Familiarity with taxa|
|Plant breeding and tissue culture|
|Measurements in chemistry: SI units for fundamental quantities, significant figures in calculations|
|Mole concept: Avogadro number and mole concept, molar masses, mole fraction, molarity, molality, percent composition, stoichiometry. Equivalent weight and normality.Calculations based on mole concept and stoichiometry of different reactions|
|Mole concept: Oxidation-reduction reactions|
|Gaseous and liquid states: Absolute scale of temperature. Gas laws, ideal gas equation, real gases and deviation from ideality, liquefaction of gases, Van Der Waals equation|
|Gaseous and liquid states: Kinetic theory of gases; average, root mean square, and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature. Law of partial pressures. Vapour pressure. Diffusion of gases|
|Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers. Wave particle duality, De Broglie hypothesis. Uncertainty principle. Orbitals and quantum numbers; shapes and energy of s, p, and d orbitals|
|Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36), filling of orbitals-Aufbau principle. Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule. Hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals|
|Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Atomic orbital overlap and chemical bonds; ionic, covalent, and coordinate bonds; bond parameters. Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species. Lewis structures. Hydrogen bond|
|Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects). VSEPR theory and shapes of molecules. Valence bond theory. Molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea)|
|Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic states. First law of thermodynamics. Internal energy, work, and heat, pressure-volume work. Enthalpy and enthalpy change, Hess's law, heat of-reaction, fusion, and vaporisation|
|Thermodynamics: Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, free energy, criterion of spontaneity|
|Chemical equilibrium: Laws of chemical equilibrium, law of mass action. Equilibrium constant-factors affecting equilibrium constant and its applications. Le Chatelier's principle-effect of concentration, temperature, and pressure|
|Chemical equilibrium: Significance of ΔG and ΔG in chemical equilibrium. Relationship of K and ΔG. Ionic equilibrium: Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts), salts. Ka, Kb, Kw, degree of dissociation, PH, and their relationships|
|Chemical equilibrium: Ionic equilibrium-solubility product, common ion effect. Hydrolysis of salts. Buffer solutions|
|Electrochemistry: Redox reactions and electrode potential, electrochemical cells, galvanic cells and cell reactions. Standard electrode potential. Nernst equation and its relation to ΔG and K. Electrochemical series, EMF of galvanic cells|
|Electrochemistry: Electrolysis and Faraday's laws of electrolysis. Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent, and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch's law. Concentration cells. Batteries (primary and secondary), fuel cells, corrosion|
|Chemical kinetics: Rates of chemical reactions. Order of reaction, rate constant. First order and pseudo first order reactions. Factors affecting rate of reaction-concentration, temperature (Arrhenius equation), catalyst|
|Solid state: Classification of solids, amorphous, and crystalline solids, crystalline state, crystal lattice, and unit cells; seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α, β), close packed structure of solids (cubic)|
|Solid state: Packing in fcc, bcc, and hcp lattices. Packing efficiency, nearest neighbours, ionic radii. Simple ionic compounds, imperfection in solids, point defects. Electrical and magnetic properties, band theory of metals|
|Solutions: Solution of solid and gas in liquid. Concentration of solution. Ideal and non-ideal solutions. Colligative properties. Vapour pressure of solution, Raoult's law|
|Solutions: Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point. Abnormal molecular mass, Van't Hoff factor. Osmosis-osmotic pressure, reverse osmosis|
|Surface chemistry: Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorptions. Factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids. Adsorption isotherm. Catalysis-homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity. Enzyme catalysis|
|Surface chemistry: Colloidal state-types, preparation, and properties of colloids. Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation. Application of colloids. Micelles|
|Classification of elements and periodicity in properties: Modern periodic table, classification of elements, periodic trends in properties of elements-valence, oxidation state, atomic/ ionic radius, ionization energy, electron gain energy|
|Classification of elements and periodicity in properties: Periodic trends in properties of elements-electronegativity, valency, chemical reactivity. Diagonal relationship. Anomalous behaviours of Li, Be, B, C|
|Hydrogen: Isotopes, preparation, isolation, properties, and uses. Hydrides-ionic, covalent, and interstitial. Properties of water and heavy water. Hydrogen peroxide-preparation, structure, reactions, uses. Hydrogen as fuel cell|
|s-block elements (alkali and alkaline earth elements): General characteristics and trends in properties. Group 1: Preparation, properties, and reactions of alkali metals with emphasis on chemistry of Na and K and their compounds-oxides, peroxides|
|s-block elements (alkali and alkaline earth elements): Group 1: Preparation, properties, and reactions of alkali metals with emphasis on chemistry of Na and K and their compounds-hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates|
|s-block elements (alkali and alkaline earth elements): Group 2: Preparation, properties, and reactions alkaline earth metals with emphasis on the chemistry of Mg and Ca and their compounds-oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates|
|s-block elements (alkali and alkaline earth elements): Group 2: Preparation, properties, and reactions alkaline earth metals with emphasis on the chemistry of Mg and Ca and their compounds-chlorides and sulphates. Uses|
|p-block elements: General characteristics and trends in properties. Group 13: Chemistry of boron and its compounds-borax, boric acid, and diborane. Group 14, 15, and 16: Chemistry of carbon, sulphur, nitrogen and phosphorus. Allotropy|
|p-block elements: Group 14, 15, and 16-chemistry of carbon, sulphur, nitrogen and phosphorus. Allotropy. Chemistry of oxides and oxyacids of these elements. Phosphines, phosphorus chlorides, ammonia, peroxide, and ozone; silicones|
|p-block elements: Group 14, 15, and 16-silicon tetrachloride and silicates. Group 17: Chemistry of halogens, chemistry of chlorine in detail. Interhalogen compounds. HX and oxyacids of halogens|
|p-block elements: Group 18: Isolation, properties, and reactions of inert gases with emphasis on chemistry of xenon|
|d-block elements: General characteristics and trends in properties (mainly 3d elements).. Variable oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment|
|d-block elements: Catalytic properties. Interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of potassium dichromate, and permanganate|
|f-block elements: General characteristics and trends in properties (mainly lanthanides). Variable oxidation states. Lanthanide contraction and its consequences|
|Coordination compounds: Nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Isomerism. Hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds. Magnetic properties. Werner's theory, VBT, CFT|
|Metals and metallurgy: Occurrence of metals. General methods of extraction involving chemical principles-thermodynamic, electrochemical, and redox principles. General operation stages involved in metallurgical operation|
|Metals and metallurgy: Metallurgy of p-block element (emphasis on Al). Metallurgy of Fe-triad (more emphasis on Fe metallurgy). Metallurgy of coinage metals (Cu, Ag with more emphasis on Cu). Refining|
|Basic concept: Representation of organic compounds. Hybridisations of carbon. Sigma and pi-bonds. Shapes of simple organic molecules. Inductive effect, electrometric effect, resonance effect, hyper conjugation. Keto-enol tautomerism|
|Basic concept: Determination of empirical and molecular formulae (only combustion method). Hydrogen bond-definition and effect on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids. Acidity and basicity of organic acids, and bases|
|Basic concept: Methods of purification of compounds|
|Reactive intermediates: Homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavages. Formation, structure, and stability of-carbocation, carbanion, and free radical|
|Isomerism: Structural and stereoisomerism. Geometrical isomerism. Chirality. Enantiomers. Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centres, (R, S and E, Z nomenclature excluded). Racemic mixture|
|Isomerism: Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections)|
|Nomenclature: IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, monofunctional and bifunctional compounds), including benzene derivatives|
|Alkanes: Preparation, properties, and reactions. Idea of homologous series, combustion, and halogenation of alkanes. Mechanism of photohalogenation, Wurtz reaction|
|Alkenes and alkynes: Preparation, properties, and reactions of alkenes and alkynes. Isomerization. Acidity of alkynes. Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry), reactions of alkenes with KMnO₄, sulphuric acid|
|Alkenes and alkynes: Reduction of alkenes and alkynes, preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions (excluding stereochemistry). Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX, and H2O (X=halogen). Makowniko rule|
|Alkenes and alkynes: Peroxide effect. Polymerization of alkenes, addition reactions of alkynes, metal acetylides, ozonolysis|
|Aromatic compounds: Aromaticity. Huckel theory of aromaticity. Structure of benzene. Isomerism in substituted benzenes. Electrophilic substitution reaction on benzene-general mechanism|
|Aromatic compounds: Orientating influence of substituents in electrophilic substitution reaction of monosubstituted benzenes. Electrophilic substitution reactions of benzene and substituted benzenes-halogenation, nitration, sulphonation|
|Aromatic compounds: Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation (no mechanism)|
|Haloalkanes (alkyl halides): Preparation from alkanes, alcohols, olens. Grignard reagents and their reaction with aldehydes/ ketones/ esters/ nitriles. Nucleophilic substitution reactions of alkyl halides with different nucleophilic species|
|Haloalkanes (alkyl halides): SN1 and SN2 reactions with mechanism. Halogen exchange reaction. Polyhalogen compounds|
|Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution)|
|Alcohols: Preparation from-olens, alkyl halides, carboxylic acids, aldehydes/ ketones. Hydroboration reaction. Dehydration, oxidation to aldehydes and ketones. Reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl₂/ HX, H₂SO₄|
|Alcohols: Identification of p-, sec-,and tert-alcohols. Uses of methanol and ethanol|
|Phenols: Preparation of phenol from halobenzene, cumene, and benzene sulphonic acid. Acidity. Reactions of phenols-halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, with Zn. Reimer-Tiemann reaction, Kolbe reaction|
|Ethers: Preparation by Williamson's Synthesis, dehydration of alcohols. Reaction with H2O, HX|
|Aldehydes and Ketones: Preparation of aldehydes and ketones from-alcohols, olefins, acid chlorides, aryl alkanes, nitriles, esters, Friedel-Crafts reaction. Reactions with-alcohols, HCN, NaHSO3|
|Aldehydes and Ketones: Reactions-oxidation, reduction, oxime, and hydrazone formation. Aldol condensation, Perkin reaction. Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction. Tests to distinguish aldehydes and ketones|
|Carboxylic acids: Acidity and structure, acidity relationship. Preparation of acids. Preparation of amides, acid chlorides, esters, and anhydrides. Ester hydrolysis|
|Carboxylic acids: Reactions of acids with-thionyl chloride, P-halides, ammonia, alkalis, metals, halogens, reducing agents. Decarboxylation. Halogenation|
|Amines: Basicity and structure, basicity relationship. Identification of p-, sec-, and tert–amines. Preparation of amines from-nitro compounds, nitriles, amides, haloalkanes/ aromatic compounds|
|Amines: Reaction with-acids, alkylating agents, acylating agents, nitrous acid. Diazotization of aromatic primary amines-reactions of aromatic diazonium salts-azo coupling reaction, Sandmeyer, and related reactions. Carbylamine reaction of p-amines|
|Carbohydrate: Classification of carbohydrates. Mono-and disaccharides (glucose and sucrose). Characteristic tests. Structure of glucose. Reactions of glucose-oxidation, reduction, hydroxylamine, HI, acetic anhydride. Cyclic structure of glucose|
|Carbohydrate: Structures of-sucrose, maltose, starch, and cellulose. Glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose|
|Amino acids and proteins: α-amino acids. General structure of peptides and proteins. Peptide bond. Characteristic tests. Separation of amino acids using physical properties. Denaturation of proteins. Enzymes|
|Polymers: Classification. Homo and copolymers, addition, and condensation polymerizations. Polythene, nylons, polyesters, bakelite, melamine-formaldehyde, rubber-natural and synthetic|
|Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, cube roots of unity, geometric interpretations|
|Quadratic equations with real coefficients, relations between roots and coefficients, formation of quadratic equations with given roots, symmetric functions of roots|
|Arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers|
|Logarithms and their properties|
|Permutations and combinations, binomial theorem for positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients|
|Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix, determinant of a square matrix of order up to three|
|Inverse of a square matrix of order up to three, properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices and their properties, solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables|
|Addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, Bayes theorem, independence of events, computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations|
|Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition, and subtraction formulae, formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles, general solution of trigonometric equations|
|Relations between sides and angles of a triangle, sine rule, cosine rule, half-angle formula and the area of a triangle, inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only)|
|Two dimensions-Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin|
|Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line|
|Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrency of lines|
|Centroid, orthocentre, incentre, and circumcentre of a triangle|
|Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal, and chord|
|Parametric equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line|
|Equations of a parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola in standard form, their foci, directrices and eccentricity, parametric equations, equations of tangent, and normal|
|Three dimensions-direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space, equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane|
|Real valued functions of a real variable, into, onto, and one-to-one functions, sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions, composite functions, absolute value, polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions|
|Limit and continuity of a function, limit, and continuity of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions, L'hospital rule for evaluation of limits of functions|
|Even and odd functions, inverse of a function, continuity of composite functions, intermediate value property of continuous functions|
|Derivative of a function, derivative of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions, chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions|
|Derivatives of implicit functions, derivatives up to order two, geometrical interpretation of the derivative, tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, maximum and minimum values of a function|
|Rolle's theorem and Lagrange's mean value theorem|
|Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals and their properties, fundamental theorem of integral calculus|
|Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions, application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves|
|Formation of ordinary differential equations, Solution of homogeneous differential equations, Separation of variables method, Linear first order differential equations|
|Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, dot, and cross products, scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations|
|Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis, least count, significant figures|
|Methods of measurement (direct, indirect, null) and measurement of length, time, mass, temperature, potential difference, current and resistance|
|Design of some simple experiments, such as: i) Searle's method to determine Young's modulus, ii) determination of 'g' by simple pendulum, iii) speed of sound using resonance tube, iv) coefficient of friction using angle of repose|
|Design of some simple experiments, such as: v) Determination of focal length of a convex lens by plotting a graph between 'u' and 'v', vi) refractive index of material of prism using the method of minimum deviation, vii) verification of Ohm's law|
|Design of some simple experiments, such as: viii) Resistance of galvanometer using half deflection method, ix) specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, x) I-V characteristic curve for p–n junction in forward and reverse bias|
|Graphical representation and interpretation of data|
|Errors in the measurements and error analysis|
|Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles|
|Uniform circular motion|
|Newton's laws of motion|
|Inertial and uniformly accelerated (linear only) frames of reference|
|Static and dynamic friction|
|Kinetic and potential energy|
|Linear and circular simple harmonic motion|
|Work and power|
|Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy|
|Systems of particles|
|Centre of mass and its motion|
|Centre of gravity|
|Elastic and inelastic collisions|
|Law of gravitation|
|Centripetal acceleration and centrifugal force|
|Gravitational potential and field|
|Acceleration due to gravity|
|Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits|
|Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes|
|Angular momentum, torque|
|Conservation of angular momentum|
|Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation|
|Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders, and spheres|
|Equilibrium of rigid bodies|
|Collision of point masses with rigid bodies|
|Hooke's law and stress-strain relations|
|Elastic limit, plastic deformation|
|Young's modulus, bulk, and shear moduli|
|Pressure in a fluid|
|Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise|
|Viscosity-Stoke's and Poiseuille's law, terminal velocity|
|Qualitative understanding of turbulence|
|Streamline flow, equation of continuity|
Sound and mechanical waves
|Plane wave motion, longitudinal, and transverse waves, superposition of waves|
|Progressive and stationary waves|
|Vibration of strings and air columns|
|Resonance (qualitative understanding)|
|Speed of sound in gases|
|Thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases|
|Calorimetry, latent heat|
|Heat conduction in one dimension|
|Elementary concepts of convection and radiation|
|Newton's law of cooling|
|Ideal gas laws|
|Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monatomic, and diatomic gases)|
|Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases|
|Equivalence of heat and work|
|First and second law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases)|
|Blackbody radiation-absorptive and emissive powers|
|Wien's displacement law, Stefan's law|
Electricity and magnetism
|Electric field and potential|
|Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; electric field lines|
|Flux of electric field|
|Gauss's law and its application in simple cases, such as to find field due to infinitely long straight wire|
|Uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell|
|Calculation of capacitance with and without dielectrics|
|Capacitors in series and parallel|
|Energy stored in a capacitor|
|Series and parallel arrangements of resistances, and cells|
|Kirchhoff's laws and simple applications; heating effect of current|
|Biot-savart's law and Ampere's law|
|Magnetic field near a current carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid|
|Force on a moving charge and on a current carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field|
|Magnetic moment of a current loop|
|Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop|
|Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter, and their conversions|
|Faraday's law, Lenz's law|
|Self and mutual inductance|
|RC, LR, and LC circuits with AC sources|
|Rectilinear propagation of light|
|Reflection and refraction at plane, and spherical surfaces, deviation and dispersion of light by a prism|
|Combination of mirrors and thin lenses|
|Wave nature of light-Huygens principle, interference limited to Young's double slit experiment|
|Elementary idea of diffraction-Rayleigh criterion|
|Elementary idea of polarization-Brewster's law and the law of Malus|
|Alpha, beta, and gamma radiations|
|Law of radioactive decay|
|Half-life and mean life|
|Binding energy and its calculation|
|Fission and fusion processes|
|Energy calculation in these processes|
|Bohr's theory of hydrogen like atoms|
|Characteristic and continuous x-rays, Moseley's law|
|De Broglie wavelength of matter waves|
|Heisenberg's uncertainty principle|
NEST 2022 Preparation Tips
The NEST 2022 is a computer-based, MCQ type examination. As per the official exam pattern of NEST 2022, the question paper of NEST is prepared as per the science stream syllabus of Class 11 and 12 of NCERT/CBSE. Talking on NEST 2022 preparations tips, it is suggested that the candidates prepare for NEST 2022 from CBSE/NCERT syllabus along with mock tests and previous year question papers of the NEST. The previous year NEST question papers are available on the NEST exam website.
To help students get a hang of the computer-based examination, various video tutorials and practice sessions will also be organized for candidates who have filled and submitted the NEST application form 2022, which will be accessible for these candidates through their NEST accounts.
The NEST 2022 was held in around 90 exam centres. Candidates who wish to sit in the entrance exam must check the NEST exam pattern 2022 to get an overview of the question paper. By going through the NEST exam pattern, candidates can get a better understanding of the format and structure of question paper. The NEST exam pattern 2022 consists of various important details about the entrance exam such as exam’s mode and medium, duration, total marks, number of sections and marking scheme.
The question paper of NEST 2022 includes four sections, four subject sections which consists of single or multiple MCQ type questions. According to the NEST exam pattern, candidates are allowed to attempt as many subject sections as they want to (beyond the compulsory three). To determine the final NEST result 2022, the best of the three subject sections along with general section scores are taken into account. Check the NEST exam pattern 2022 to get a better understanding of the question paper.
NEST 2022 Exam Pattern
|Exam duration||3.5 hours|
|Type of questions||Multiple type questions|
|No. of sections||4|
|Marking scheme||1/4 marks for every incorrect responses|
|Section ||Number of MCQ |
|Biology* ||50 (Single or multiple correct answers) |
|Chemistry* ||50 (Single or multiple correct answers) |
|Physics* ||50 (Single or multiple correct answers) |
|Mathematics* ||50 (Single or multiple correct answers) |
*At least three of these subject sections need to be attempted.
NEST admit card 2022 has been released on June 7, in online mode at nestexam.in. Candidates who submitted the application form can download the NEST 2022 admit card by using their login credentials. The candidates must carry the NEST admit card 2022 along with other valid ID proofs while going to attempt the entrance exam. While downloading the NEST 2022 admit card, candidates must thoroughly check the hall ticket to make sure that all the details mentioned in the admit card are correct.
NEST admit card mentions the various key details such as the candidate’s roll number, allotted exam centre and reporting time. It must be noted that varsity does not send the NEST admit card 2022 through post or courier. Thus, NEST 2022 admit card has been made available only on the official website of NEST - nestexam.in. Candidates are advised to make multiple copies of NEST admit card 2022 to avoid any problems on the examination and counselling day.
NEST 2022 Exam Centers
|Jammu and Kashmir||Jammu|
Documents Required at Exam
- NEST Admit Card
- A valid Photo ID Card (School ID or any other government issued photo ID proof)
The conducting bodies had sent the NEST answer key 2022 along with the answer scripts to the candidates on their email address on June 22. The candidates were also allowed to challenge the NEST 2022 answer key till the submission deadline, June 25. Before challenging the NEST answer key 2022, candidates must thoroughly cross-check the answers.
If the objections raised by candidates are found to be legit then the conducting bodies release the final answer key of NEST. The NEST answer key contains the answers to all the questions that were asked in the entrance exam. Candidates who had appeared in the entrance exam can check the NEST answer key 2022 to calculate their probable marks.
The result of NEST 2022 has been announced on July 5, in online mode. Candidates can check the NEST 2022 result using their login credentials. Candidates must remember their user ID and password to check their NEST result. They should also download the NEST score card 2022 after checking the entrance test result. The NEST 2022 result is formulated on the basis of marks obtained by candidates in the entrance examination. The NEST result 2022 carries various important information such as name and photograph of the candidate, roll number, category, category rank, merit rank, percentile, acquired marks and percentile.
The cutoff of NEST has been released by NISER and UM-DAE CEBS on July 5. The NEST cutoff 2022 has been formulated on the basis of section marks and overall marks secured by candidates in the exam. The NEST 2022 cutoff consists of the score which candidates have to secure in the entrance test to be eligible for admission to the university.
Candidates who scored equal or more marks than NEST cutoff 2022 will be invited to the counselling process to secure the seat in their desired programme. If a candidate fails to secure the minimum marks mentioned in the NEST 2022 cutoff then their candidacy for admission will be cancelled by the university.
- Section-wise Minimum Admissible Score (SMAS): SMAS is a section-wise minimum score required to be obtained by the aspirants in each section of NEST exam. SMAS is the 20% of the score which comes after taking the average of best 100 scores in that section. For instance, if the best 100 scores of General section is 20 marks out of 30, then 20% of 20 marks, i.e. 4 marks will become the SMAS for General section (for general category). The same method will be adopted for all other sections. SMAS for OBC candidates will be 90% of the SMAS obtained for general category, and for SC/ST candidates, it will be 50% of that obtained for general candidates. Candidates will be required to obtain SMAS in the general section and at least three of the subject-sections to become eligible for further admission process.
- Minimum Admissible Score (MAS): The MAS is the overall score candidate is required to obtain in order to become eligible for further admission process of NEST 2022. It can vary from year to year, for instance, MAS for NEST 2022was 90 (50% of the total 180 marks paper). The overall score of a candidate will include the scores obtained in the General and best-of-three subject sections. However, it will be important for a candidate to obtain SMAS in each of the sections whose scores are considered for MAS. Similar to SMAS, the MAS for OBC category candidates will be 90% of the MAS determined for general category and in case of SC/ST candidates, it will be 50% of the MAS determined for general category.
Mode of Counselling: Online, Offline
The qualified candidates who qualify have to participate in the NEST counselling 2022 to get a seat in their desired programme. The NISER and UM-DAE CEBS will conduct the NEST 2022 counselling separately for their programmes. The NEST counselling 2022 will be done based on the ranking of the candidates which is prepared on the basis of the performance of the candidates in the entrance test. Candidates have to present various necessary documents which are given below while attending the NEST counselling 2022.
Document required for NEST 2022 Counselling
- Date of birth proof
- 4 passport size photograph
- ID proof
- Mark sheet of Class 10th and 12th
- Caste certificate
- Disability certificate
Documents Required at Counselling
- NEST 2022 admit card
- Class 12 certificate and marksheet
- Class 10 certificate and marksheet
- SC/ST/OBC/PwD certificate (If applicable)
- Non-Creamy Layer (NCL) certificate issued on or after June 1, 2018 (for OBC candidates)
- Domicile certificate (for Jammu & Kashmir candidates)
Questions related to NEST
they had to carefully remove the eggs from the nest identify the infinitive
They had to carefully remove the eggs from the nest.
Infinitive verb : to
Note : The second most fundamental form of a verb is an infinitive. Simply use the word "to" before the verb when employing an infinitive to utilise it correctly. Both finite and nonfinite verbs are possible. Verbs with a subject and tense are referred to as finite verbs. They are conjugated with "-ed" or "-ing" and can refer to one or more things. By adding "-s" to the end, they can also be conjugated in the third person singular.
what is nest exam syllabus for 2023??
On their official website, NISER Bhubaneswar & UM DAE CEBS will be releasing NEST exam syllabus 2023.
To get more information about NEST exam syllabus 2023, go through below mentioned link.
NEST exam has 3 hours 30 minutes duration. There will be in total 150 marks. There will be four sections.
It has negative marking of 0.25 of each wrong answer. The types of questions asked are MCQ type questions.
For more information about NEST entrance exam exam paper pattern go through below mentioned link.
May this information helps you.
All The Best!!
is it compulsory to score 60% per subject to be eligible for nest?
Eligibilty criteria for nest is to score minimum of 60% in 10+2 level exam or its equivalent from a recognised board or university. It's mentioned that overall 60% is required for being eligible for Nest exam. So, it's not compulsory to score 60% in all the subjects. For SC/ ST /OBC, they require to score 55% in 10+2 level exam.
All the very best.
I got an obc rank of 240 in niser nest exam, What is my chance of getting admission in niser 2022?
Hope you're doing great...!
So, with regard of you're query. You have a good chance of getting admitted based on your NISER and Nest examination rank of 240 and the fact that you are an OBC candidate. NISER's 7th center. Kolkata, Berhampur, Mohali, Pune, Bhopal, Tirupati, and Thiruvananthapuram are the seven institutes in South India. Therefore, you have a good probability of being admitted to one of the seven centers or institutions of NISER, which stands for the National Institute of Science Education and Research, based on your caste category OBC rank 240 in the upcoming exam.
Hope this will helps you...!
Nest exam result will announced on which time
As the NEST exam was conducted on 18th of June 2022 through online mode, the result is likely to be declare by 5th of July i.e. today itself, candidates who had appeared for the examination will able to view their result by today itself, however at which time result will be declare has not told by the official but students will able to view their result by today itself.
Procedure to check result is on following:
1- Visit the official website
2- Click on the NEST result 2022.
3- Enter your correct credentials
4- Say ENTER to view your result.
I hope to will find it useful!