Jeremiah Quinlan, Dean of Undergraduate Admissions at Yale University pointed out to Careers360 sometimes back what global companies look for in students. “In today’s modern world, you know it’s not really about all the skills that you know, it’s how quickly you can learn what you need to learn when you start a new job,” he said. Quinlan is bang on target when it comes to Banking and Financial Services as these services require not just functional experts, but those who are quick learners as well.
The projected manpower requirement of the Banking, Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI) sector work force by 2022 is 8.5 million - which is an increase of about 4 - 4.5 million from where we stand today. A number of institutions are offering programmes in collaboration with industry bodies and organisations to fill the gap in demand for qualified professionals in the domain. Neeti Sharma, Senior Vice President TeamLease Services says, “Banking and financial services is one of the burgeoning sectors in the region. By 2017, the region alone is expected to create around 33% of the total employment generated by the BFSI industry. We are confident that such collaborations will not only enable students to take advantage of the opportunity and get gainful employment, it will also create a pool of skilled talent for the industry to recruit from.”
Broadly concerned with the management of money, finance is one of the subjects very popular at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Finance, Accounting, Management and Economics are commonly referred to as the FAME group of subjects. An undergraduate or postgraduate degree in FAME prepares you for a career in a range of sectors, including banking, financial markets and insurance.
Do you have it in you?
If you have a good academic background with a nose for numbers, you can surely get admission for finance degrees which cover technical and theoretical knowledge. In general, a course in any of the streams of finance will cover topics like how to measure wealth, how finance shape the decisions of companies, government policies etc. Accounting, mathematical methods, macro and microeconomics and IT are all covered under finance degrees. At later stages of specialization, you will get in depth knowledge in taxation, audit, business strategy, business and employment law, management accounting, advanced accounting theory and risk management. Your job roles could be in commercial or consumer banking, investment banking, managing wealth, insurance, capital markets or even real estate.
Select courses in B&F
Though a number of BBA and MBA courses have specialization in Banking and Finance, they majorly cover management aspects rather than specific roles. One the other hand some programmes run in collaboration with banks or the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) or the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) are sort of customized programmes focused on industry needs and make you job-ready from Day-1. Both the stock exchanges run short-term and long-term programmes on their own or in collaborations with other universities. Federal Manipal School of Banking (FMSB) which is an exclusive partnership forged between Federal Bank and Manipal Global Education services offers Post Graduate Diploma in Banking and Financial Services. Axis Bank Young Bankers is a one year, full-time residential programme conducted at two campuses; Manipal Global Education in Bangalore and Amity Global Business School in Noida.
Popular Courses in Banking and Finance
Postgraduate Diploma in Banking and Finance
Federal Manipal School of Banking (Federal Bank)
Post Graduate Program in Banking & Finance (PGPBF)
BSE Institute Ltd
Axis Bank Young Banker’s Program
Manipal Global Education Services & Amity Global Business School (Axis Bank)
MBA - Finance & Banking
NIIT University (ICICI Bank)
BBA (Financial Management) with Specialization in Capital Markets
Ganpat University (NSE)
BBA (Hons.) in Financial Markets
ITM University, Gwalior (NSE)
Note: Some of the programmes may not have AICTE approval though they are valued in the job market
Vocation focused courses
There are also vocationally inclined programmes like those launched by Tata Institute of Social Sciences -School of Vocational Education (TISS-SVE). “Most professions have a well-defined and structured academic path. However, when it comes to becoming a Banker or a Loan Officer or Equity Trader etc., the academic path suddenly becomes hazy. There aren’t many universities that offer formal qualifications to help students build successful careers in the Banking, Financial Services & Insurance (BFSI) domain,” says Thyagarajan Balasubramanian, Vertical Anchor, Stratadigm Education & Training Pvt. Ltd (TISS SVE). “It is in this background that we have launched BFSI-focused, industry-relevant, short-term and long-term courses at the UG, PG and Certifications level. The industry-academia relationship has been taken to a new level by us,” he added.
Thyagarajan Balasubramanian, Vertical Anchor, Stratadigm Education & Training Pvt. Ltd, TISS SVE
There aren’t many universities that offer formal qualifications to help students build successful careers in the Banking, Financial Services & Insurance domain. The few that that do offer BFSI courses do not seem to have an industry-aligned curriculum or seem to focus more on theoretical aspects. It is in this background, that TISS-SVE has launched BFSI-focused, industry-relevant courses of various duration.
Banking sector roles include roles in core banking, retail, private, corporate, investment, cards, etc. Financial Services may include stockbroking, payment gateways, and mutual funds. A lot of data processing, application testing and software development activities are outsourced to companies that specialize in this domain.
While Digital banking is progressively becoming the preferred way of conducting banking transactions, it brings with it the threats of data security, hacking, password thefts etc. Owing to the sensitivity of customer-information and increasing information security threats, information security expertise is another key area for banks. This is yet another area where professionals with requisite experience can pursue a banking career.
Other options in financial sector
As we know Finance is one of the fastest growing sectors not only in India but across the globe and there is great demand for professionals like Chartered Accountant (course offered by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India - ICAI); Company Secretary (CS) by Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) and Cost and Work Accountant (CWA) by Institute of Cost Accountants of India. Any student who has passed 10+2 can register for these three courses. More or less all three have some common papers but the way you learn core subjects differ.
A thorough understanding of banking concepts, tools, will ensure your productivity. So, invest your time in learning and preparing for a banking job so that not only you get the job, but you are able to prosper in it from Day-1.
Deodutta Kurane, Group President, Human Capital Management, YES Bank
The Indian banking sector is in a state of transition with new-age, innovative banking models already being rolled out with product and service offerings targeted at different customer segments. The banking staff responsible for the design, delivery and service of specific offerings needs to have differentiated skills and competencies aligned to the respective product and customer segment.
As in any other field, the positions requiring more specialized knowledge/skills command a premium. Hence candidates aspiring for an accelerated career growth in this sector need to equip themselves with the requisite knowledge well in time so that they can capitalize on the ever-increasing opportunities. There are also some specialized courses required from a regulatory perspective mandated by IRDA, SEBI etc. Roles in BFSI range from the front line sales/service positions to Relationship Management roles and the more specialized product roles including Trade Finance, Financial Markets, Cash Management Risk Management, Investment banking, Financial Technology etc.
Deriving meaningful and predictive insights from large data is an emerging area in information technology and analytics, applicable not only in banking, but across all industries and sectors. In the years to come, this will become a key driver for strategy formulation to product development, design & delivery, risk management and ‘augmented’ experience.
It can be truly said that banking is the confluence of various enriching and attractive career options. Candidates with the right attitude, skill sets and mind set have a plethora of growth opportunities which can culminate in exciting and highly rewarding professional destinations.
With inputs from Abhay Anand
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