Team Careers360, 04 Mar 2016

Top Universities in India 2016 Ranking Methodology – Careers360 has ranked and rated Top Universities in India 2016 based on a methodology. ‘Top Universities in India 2016 Ranking Methodology’ will help you in understanding the process devised to rank and rate the Universities for the year 2016.

Read below how we ranked Top Universities of India 2016.

Ranking and rating together gives a fair picture of the standing of a university within and across clusters.

Rating Criterion





95-99 percentile



90-94 percentile



80-89 percentile



70-79  percentile

Very Good


60-69 percentile



50-59 percentile



40-49 percentile


HOW did we Rate & Rank?

Performance evaluation criteria are drifting towards outcomes that are transparent, easy to comprehend and subject to public scrutiny. When the HRD ministry mandarins encourage public institutions to participate in global rankings like the Times Higher Education and QS rankings, and later come up with an indigenous National Institutional Ranking Framework, one can clearly see the importance of ranking in the current of scheme of things. When the assessment entities are universities, the complexities are all the more multifarious. A fair approach, therefore, is to evaluate as much as possible through parameters that are quantifiable.

From 826 to 288

From Careers360 database of 826 universities and autonomous institutes that award degrees in India, we shortlisted about 288 institutions for in depth study and analysis. This was based on preliminary search for publications international database Elsevier’s Scopus. Only those institutions that had a minimum number of 30 publications annually were considered for further scrutiny. For these 288 institutions we did an in depth research on citations,  h-index and aggregate publications. We also studied their patenting activity by intellectual property rights (IPR) search at the Indian Patent Office database and USPTO; accreditation score given by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) and critical information like faculty strength, students enrolled and research scholars were also considered. This also included the invited entries for participation in the Careers360 rating/ranking survey announced annually. The exercise also involved gathering information through publicly available sources or through Right to Information Act. Further, employing a threshold criterion (say minimum publication count) we restricted the ranking to 100-plus universities in the country. The scores were arrived at using max-min formula for some parameters (See Table). Read detailed methodology for assessing research output in India’s Best Research Oriented Universities on Page 156.

IP search
The total IP stock is the total number of patents granted to a given institute till 2015. The total patent granted was collected from Indian Patent Office (Controller General of Patents Designs and Trademark, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry) by searching the ‘public search for granted patents’. The names of the institutes were searched from the IPO search in the ‘Name of Grantee’ or ‘Inventor’s address’ or ‘Applicant address’ search field. Similarly, the patent applications (filed) were searched from ‘published applications search’ in the search field ‘applicant name’ and ‘inventor’s address’. Retrieved records were taken for further analysis. This was supplemented by searching the USPTO.

Key things to note

  • Only degree awarding institutes (those set up by central or state legislation) are included

  • We ranked about 132 public institutions and 31 private institutions.

  • In addition to ranking where the total scores are reflected, universities have been rated based on their domain. There are 7 such categories: Multidisciplinary (public & private), Engineering (public & private), Medicine, Agriculture & Allied Sciences and ’Others’ that include Specialized. We have included more universities in the rating list.

  • Factors such as incubation units, research income, consultancy assignments, curriculum design, international outlook, and outreach and so on add to a robust assessment. However, data insufficiency and inexperience across majority of universities has crippled the usage of the same.






Publication Count in refereed journals as indexed in Thomson Reuter’s Web of Science and Elsevier’s Scopus



Citation (normalized average citation per paper)


Intellectual Property (IP)

IP Filed (2011-2014) and Patent Stock at IPO with more weightage to the latter



Research per core academic and research personnel



Accreditation, Student-Faculty Ratio and PhD candidates





Also Read 

Top Universities in India 2016 - Public & Private

Top Engineering Universities in India 2016 - Public & Private 

Top Medical Universities of India 2016

Top Pharmacy Universities in India 2016

Top Agricultural Universities in India 2016

Top Multidisciplinary Universities in India 2016 

Top Specialized Universities in India 2016

Top Research Universities in India 2016

Top Sectoral Universities in India 2016


Research & interviews were conducted by Abhay Anand, Aeshwarya Tiwari, Alok Mishra, Kalyani Sharma,  Shiphony Pavithran Suri
Data: Prabir Mohanty, Priyanka Kashyap, Rohit Kumar B.
Data analytics: Gagan Parida
Design: Anshul Sharma, Rajesh Kumar Chawla, Surandar Kumar. Photo: Muhabit ul Haq

Stay tuned to for Universities Ranking 2016


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