India growing at 14.4% in research output; China at 10.9%
Abhay Anand, 12 Mar 2014

A recent study by Elsevier based on Scopus data, shows that India has achieved substantial growth in research articles output, increasing from 54,000 in 2008 to 93,000 in 2012 at an annualized growth rate of 14.4%.

India’s rate is higher than that of China (10.9%), Brazil (7.9%), Russia (1.9%) and the U.K. (2.9%).

Over the same period from 2008 to 2012,India’s share of the top 10% of the most cited articles – a proxy for high quality research articles – rose from 2.0% to 3.1% at an annual growth rate of 11.3%, which is higher than Brazil (7.6%), Russia (8.4%) and the U.K. (- 2.7%).

Only China surpassed India with a 13.8% annual growth rate.

India’s field-weighted citation impact (FWCI) – normalized at value of "1" as the world average – is below average at 0.75 and is declining at a rate of 1.6% per year.

China has a comparable FWCI to India, but is experiencing an upward annual growth rate of 2.4%. The field-weighted citation impact is generally considered to be a good indicator for quality.

The report indicates that when India collaborates internationally, the articles with Indian and international co-authors are associated with 111% greater FWCI than articles with single institution co-authorship.

India’s international co-authorship is modest with a share of 16.2% in 2012, behind Brazil (24.2%), Russia (29.8%) and the U.K. (47.6%). Only China’s international co-author share is below India’s at 14.9%.

Dr. Michiel Kolman, Senior Vice-President of Academic Relations at Elsevier said, “India shows incredible growth in article output, even surpassing China. On the quality side, although we see an overall impact that is below the world’s average, there is a rising share of higher-quality articles from India. Articles from India that resulted from international collaboration show impressively high quality at more than twice the impact of articles from a single institute.”

“More can be done to further advance India’s research excellence. Encouraging collaboration with the international research community will aid knowledge transfer between parties and bolster cross-border recognition,” said Dr. Kolman.

On India’s performance in patents, the number of patents granted to India in 2012 is 3,588, a figure that is higher than Brazil’s (1027), but considerably lower than the numbers for the U.K. (20,194), Russia (24,551)and much farther behind China (152,102).

Dr. Kolman also revealed that the proportion of Indian research cited in patents is relatively low. The relative share of India’s patent citations to articles published from 2007 to 2011 is at 1.50 for the UK, and generally lowers amongst the BRIC countries: India (0.65), China (0.54), Russia (0.42) and Brazil (0.44).

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